Geophysicist/State Seismologist, Oklahoma Geological Survey, University of Oklahoma
Ph.D., Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz (2012)
B.A., Geology, University of Colorado at Boulder (2006)
Publications on Google Scholar Github
My research interests include ice sheet and glacier dynamics, tectonic tremor and slow slip, earthquakes, seismic triggering of earthquakes and other phenomena. I conduct research in Oklahoma, Texas, Antarctica, Costa Rica, Greenland, and Alaska.
Geophysical Equipment: I maintain a pool of broadband seismometers, active-source seismic gear, and other geophysical equipment for use in studies around the world.
Prospective Students: Please contact me if you are interested in becoming a graduate student.
Oklahoma seismicity (from the OGS seismic network)
Induced seismicityIn Oklahoma, Texas, and other states throughout the US, earthquakes have been closely associated (in time and space) with oil and gas activities. Lately, we have been trying to identify when seismicity occurs and work with geologists and reservoir modelers to understand the conditions under which it occurs.
Slow slip and tremorI was previously involved in an NSF-funded project to study subduction zone processes at the Costa Rica Nicoya Peninsula. A combination of continuous GPS and seismic data allowed us to study ocean-continent plate collision at various timescales and spatial scales (See publications). Volcanoes are the result water-enriched sediments trapped in the downgoing slab. I am involved in trying to organize a seismotectonics project in the Western Solomon Islands.
SeismicityEarthquakes have the unique ability to trigger other earthquakes. This is a unique opportunity to understand what external stresses cause earthquakes and other phenomena, including icequakes and volcanic activity. Through careful geophysical studies we can get closer to predict the larger phenomena.
31. Goebel, T., Z. Rosson, E. E. Brodsky, and J. I. Walter (2019), Aftershock deficiency of induced earthquake sequences during rapid mitigation efforts in Oklahoma, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 522: 135-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.06.036. (Open Access link) (pdf)
30. Regmi, N., and J. I. Walter (2019), Detailed Mapping of Shallow Landslides in Eastern Oklahoma and Potential Triggering by Oklahoma Earthquakes, Geomorphology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2019.05.026. (link) (pdf)
29. Skoumal, R. J., J. O. Kaven, and J. I. Walter (2019), Characterizing seismogenic fault structures in Oklahoma using a relocated template matched catalog, Seismol. Res. Lett., doi: https://doi.org/10.1785/0220190045. (link) (pdf)
28. Vore, M. E., T. C. Bartholomaus, J. P. Winberry, J. I. Walter, and J. M. Amundson (2019), Seismic tremor reveals spatial organization and temporal changes of subglacial water system, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JF004819. (link) (pdf)
27. Walton, M. A. L., E. C. Roland, J. I. Walter, S. P. S. Gulick, and P. J. Dotray (2019), Seismic velocity structure across the 2013 Craig, Alaska rupture from aftershock tomography: Implications for seismogenic conditions, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 507: 94-104, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.11.021. (link) (pdf)
26. Walter, J. I., C. Frohlich, and T. Borgfeldt (2018), Natural and induced earthquakes in the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles, Seismological Research Letters, 89 (6): 2437-2446, https://doi.org/10.1785/0220180105. (link) (pdf)
25. Barcheck, G. C., S. Tulaczyk, S. Y. Schwartz, J. I. Walter, and J. P. Winberry (2018), Implications of basal micro-earthquakes and tremor for ice stream mechanics: stick-slip basal sliding and till erosion, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 486: 54-60, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.12.046. (link) (pdf)
24. Scales, M. M., H. R. DeShon, M. B. Magnani, J. I. Walter, L. Quinones, T. L. Pratt, and M. J. Hornbach (2017), A Decade of Induced Slip on the Causative Fault of the 2015 MW 4.0 Venus Earthquake, Northeast Johnson County, Texas, J. Geophys. Res.: Solid Earth, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JB014460. (link) (pdf)
23. Goebel, T. H. W., J. I. Walter, K. Murray, and E. E. Brodsky (2017), Comment on “How will induced seismicity in Oklahoma respond to decreased saltwater injection rates?” by C. Langenbruch and M. D. Zoback, Science Advances, 3:8, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700441. (link) (pdf)
22. Chen, X., C. Pennington, J. Haffener, J. C. Chang, X. He, Z. Zhan, S. Ni, and J. I. Walter (2017), The Pawnee earthquake as a result of the interplay among injection, faults and foreshocks, Scientific Reports, 7: 4945, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-04992-z. (link) (pdf)
21. Walter, J. I., J. C. Chang, and P. J. Dotray (2017), Foreshock seismicity suggests gradual differential stress increase in the months prior to the 3 September 2016 Mw 5.8 Pawnee earthquake, Seismol. Res. Lett., 88(4), 1-8, doi:10.1785/0220170007. (link) (pdf)
20. Yao, D., J. I. Walter, X. Meng, T. E. Hobbs, Z. Peng, A. V. Newman, S. Y. Schwartz, and M. Protti (2017), Detailed Spatio-Temporal Evolution of Microseismicity and Repeating Earthquakes following the 2012 Mw7.6 Nicoya Earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JB013632. (link)
19. Holland, D. M., D. Voytenko, K. Christianson, T. H. Dixon, M. J. Mei, B. R. Parizek, I. Vaňková, R. T. Walker, J. I. Walter, K. Nicholls, and D. Holland (2016), An intensive observation of calving at Helheim Glacier, East Greenland, Oceanography 29(4):46–61, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.98. (link) (pdf)
18. Frohlich, C. F., H. R. DeShon, B. W. Stump, C. Hayward, M. J. Hornbach, and J. I. Walter (2016), Reply to "Comment on 'A historical review of induced earthquakes in Texas' by Steve Everley", Seismol. Res. Lett., 87, 1381-1383, doi:10.1785/0220160148. (link) (pdf)
17. Frohlich, C. F., H. R. DeShon, B. W. Stump, C. Hayward, M. J. Hornbach, and J. I. Walter (2016), A historical review of induced earthquakes in Texas, Seismol. Res. Lett., 87(4), doi: 10.1785/0220160016. (link) (pdf)
16. Gimbert, F., V. C. Tsai, J. M. Amundson, T. C. Bartholomaus, and J. I. Walter (2016), Sub-seasonal changes in pressure, geometry, and sediment transport observed in subglacial channels, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 3786–3794, doi:10.1002/2016GL068337. (link) (pdf)
15. Walter, J. I., P. J. Dotray, C. Frohlich, and J. F. W. Gale (2016), Earthquakes in northwest Louisiana and the Texas-Louisiana border possibly induced by energy resource activities within the Haynesville shale play, Seismol. Res. Lett., 87(2A), doi:10.1785/0220150193. (link) (pdf)
14. Walter, J. I., Z. Peng, X. Meng, A. V. Newman, S. Y. Schwartz, and J. Marino Protti (2015), Far-field triggering of foreshocks near the nucleation zone of the 5 September 2012 (Mw 7.6) Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica earthquake, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 431: 75-86, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.017. (link) (pdf)
13. Bartholomaus, T. C., J. M. Amundson, J. I. Walter, S. O’Neel, M. E. West, and C. F. Larsen (2015), Subglacial discharge at tidewater glaciers revealed by seismic tremor, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064590. (Open Access link)
12. Malservisi, R., S. Y. Schwartz, N. Voss, M. Protti, V. Gonzalez, T. H. Dixon, Y. Jiang, A. V. Newman, J. Richardson, J. I. Walter, and D. Voyenko (2015), Multiscale postseismic behavior on a megathrust: The 2012 Nicoya earthquake, Costa Rica, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 16, doi:10.1002/2015GC005794. (link)
11. Aiken, C., J. Zimmerman, Z. Peng, and J. I. Walter (2015), Triggered seismic events along the eastern Denali fault in northwest Canada following the 2012 Mw 7.8 Haida Gwaii, 2013 Mw 7.5 Craig, and two Mw>8.5 teleseismic earthquakes, Bull. of the Seismol. Soc. of Am., 105, no. 2B, doi: 10.1785/0120140156. (link)
10. Frohlich, C. F., J. I. Walter, and J. F. W. Gale (2015), Analysis of transportable array (USArray) data shows earthquakes are scarce near injection wells in the Williston Basin, 2008-2011, Seismol. Res. Lett., 86, 492-499. (link)
9. Walter, J. I., I. Svelitsky, J. Fineberg, S. Tulaczyk, E. E. Brodsky, C. G. Barcheck, and S. P. Carter (2015), Rupture speed dependence on initial stress profiles: Insights from glacier and laboratory stick-slip, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 411: 112-120, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.214.11.025. (Open Access link) (pdf)
8. Peng, Z., J. I. Walter, R. Aster, D. A. Wiens, S. Anandakrishnan, and A. Nyblade (2014), Antarctic icequakes triggered by the 2010 Maule earthquake in Chile, Nature Geosci., 7, 677–681, doi:10.1038/ngeo2212. (link)
7. Protti, M., V. Gonzalez, A. V. Newman, T. H. Dixon, S. Y. Schwartz, J. S. Marshall, L. Feng, J. I. Walter, R. Malservisi, and S. E. Owen (2014), Nicoya earthquake rupture anticipated by geodetic measurement of the locked plate interface, Nature Geosci., 7: 117-121, doi:10.1038/ngeo2038. (link)
6. Walter, J. I., S. Y. Schwartz, M. Protti, and V. Gonazalez (2013), The synchronous occurrence of shallow tremor and very low frequency earthquakes offshore of the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1517-1522, doi:10.1002/grl.50213. (link (pdf)
5. Horgan, H. J., S. Anandakrishnan, R. W. Jacobel, K. Christianson, R. B. Alley, D. S. Heeszel, S. Picotti, and J. I. Walter (2012), Subglacial Lake Whillans - Part 1: Imaging a Shallow Active Reservoir Beneath a West Antarctic Ice Stream, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 331: 201-209.
4. Walter, J. I., J. E. Box, S. Tulaczyk, E. E. Brodsky, I. M. Howat, Y. Ahn, and A. Brown (2012), Oceanic mechanical forcing of the dynamics of a marine-terminating Greenland glacier, Ann. Glaciol., 53(60 Pt 2) (link) (pdf)
3. Walter, J. I., E. E. Brodsky, S. Tulaczyk, S. Y. Schwartz, and R. Pettersson (2011), Transient slip events from near-field seismic and geodetic data on a glacier fault, Whillans Ice Plain, West Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 116, F01021, doi:10.1029/2010JF001754. (link) (pdf)
2. Walter, J. I., S. Y. Schwartz, J. M. Protti, and V. Gonzalez (2011), Persistent tremor within the northern Costa Rica seismogenic zone, Geophys. Res. Lett, 38, L01307, doi:10.1029/2010GL045586. (link) (pdf)
1. Outerbridge, K. C., T. H. Dixon, S. Y. Schwartz, J. I. Walter, M. Protti, V. Gonzalez, J. Biggs, M. Thorwart, and W. Rabbel (2010), A tremor and slip event on the Cocos-Caribbean subduction zone as measured by a GPS and seismic network on the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B10408, doi:10.1029/2009JB006845.
The influence of small stresses on the dynamics of glaciers and subduction zones (link)
Preliminary Soil Amplification Map of Oklahoma (OGS GM-41) (link)
Current group members
Zach Rosson - MS Student at OU
Past group members
Taylor Borgfeldt - MS Student at UT (2017) - now at GSI Environmental, Inc.
Co-instructor - OU Geophysics 5970 - Special graduate seminar in Geophysics
Co-instructor - OU Geophysics 4970 - Introduction to Seismology (Spring 2018)
In the media
July 2019: Video interview on Oklahoma earthquakes
January 2019: The Oklahoman article on need for earthquake monitoring
December 2018: Tulsa World on declining earthquake rates
September 2017: Live interview with local news station
Summer 2016: Oklahoma hires new state seismologist
Summer 2015: Seismic noise tracking subglacial discharge
Summer 2014: Antarctic icequake triggering
Summer 2012: Feature on fieldwork in Alaska
From 2008: Blog about my Antarctic fieldwork
Many newer scripts and python stuff on Github
This script pulls events that have been cataloged in Antelope, creates a whole directory of continuous waveforms in SAC format. Then, by reading the Antelope tables, it cuts continuous waveform data to make event-based waveforms. Here it is and be sure to change the variables in the script itself - getcontinuous_getevents_v1.sh. The script calls both this tosac_from_msd_db2sac_v1.pl and this sacarrivaltime_fromcont_v1.pl Script to cut waveforms from continuous SAC files based on Antelope database phase/event picks - CutWaveforms_tomodd.bash Script to calculate cross-correlation coefficient between different events between waveforms at the same station - cross_correlation_relocation_v2.bash Combine the output from the cross_correlation_relocation_v2.bash script to output in a format recognizable by tomoDD - cc2dt_v2.pl
Teachers: I am available to come to your classroom or school-wide assembly for an assembly and talk about earthquakes, Antarctica, being a scientist, or geoscience, in general. I am also available to Skype to your classroom for any period of time or answer questions for special projects. Email me.
Past outreach eventsTeen program, Southwest Oklahoma City Library, July 2019
STEM Middle School summer camp, Hartshorne, OK, June 2019
Jones Academy Elementary School, Hartshorne, OK, March 2019
Norman Science Cafe, Norman Central Library, OK, March 2019
Wilson Elementary, Norman, OK, March 2019
Will Rogers Elementary, Putnam City, OK, February 2019
Timber Creek Elementary, Moore, OK, January 2019
Geology and Geophysics Colloquium, “Life after Grad School,” Norman, OK January 2019
Frontier Elementary, Edmond, OK, November 2018
Public talk, Norman Frontier West Public Library, October 2018
Public talk, Enid First Baptist Church, August 2018
Skype with a Scientist, Jenks Elementary School, Jenks, OK, May 2018
Cross Timbers Elementary, Earthquakes in Oklahoma!, Tecumseh, OK, March 2018
What is an earthquake? What is a scientist? Various earthquake activities, Jones Academy STEM Summer Science Camp visit to OU and Norman, June 2018
Raspberry Shake program training to teachers, Enid, OK, June 2018
Public talk, Okmulgee Lions Club, June 2018
Earthquake risk in Oklahoma, Ready Business Quakesmart Workshop, Midwest City, OK, October 2017
Earthquake risk in Oklahoma, Oklahoma County Local Emergency Planning Committee Tabletop Exercise, OK, October 2017
Earthquake risk in Oklahoma, East Oklahoma County Rotary Club, Choctaw, OK, October 2017
McKinley Elementary, Great Central US Shakeout – What to do in an Earthquake?, Norman, OK, October 2017
What is an earthquake? What is a scientist? Various earthquake activities, Jones Academy STEM Summer Science Camp, Hartshorne, OK, July 2017
This is an animation of Arbuckle monthly injection volumes (OCC: ftp://ftp.occeweb.com/OG_DATA/Dly1012d.ZIP) and Oklahoma earthquakes (http://ogs.ou.edu).